Richard Feynman was a physicist who received a Nobel Prize for his work in quantum electrodynamics. He was notorious for asking his mathematicians to explain concepts in simple language to test their understanding.
Here his unique technique to learn new materials:
Step 1. Choose a topic you want to understand and start studying it. Once you know what it is about, take a piece of paper and write the topic at the top of the page.
Step 2. Pretend you’re teaching the idea to someone else. Write out an explanation on the paper while you describe them out loud. Like this you get an idea of what you understand and where you still have gaps. Whenever you get stuck, go back and study. Repeat that process until you can explain it.
Step 3. Finally do it again, but now simplify your language or use an analogy to make the point. If your explanation ends up wordy and confusing, that’s an indication that you do not understand the idea well enough. If that happens go back until you have mastered it. It is the process of thinking about an idea while teaching it that make the method so effective.
Once you can explain an idea with simple language and create graphic analogies, you have deeply understood it and will remember it for a long time.
Something interesting happened in Spain before the Civil War started, before the conflict among Franco and the Republicans/Communists. Ever heard about “anarchists” during that period? Here polar bears and seals know it very well! Noam Chomsky tells in this video about a kind of society which was created during that time, an inspiring one.. catch a glimpse!
The Milgram’s experiment on obedience to authority figures was a series of social psychology experiments conducted by Yale Universitypsychologist Stanley Milgram.
They measured the willingness of study participants, men from a diverse range of occupations with varying levels of education, to obey an authority figure who instructed them to perform acts conflicting with their personal conscience; the experiment found, unexpectedly, that a very high proportion of people were prepared to obey, albeit unwillingly, even if apparently causing serious injury and distress.
Milgram first described his research in 1963 in an article published in the Journal of Abnormal and Social Psychology and later discussed his findings in greater depth in his 1974 book, Obedience to Authority: An Experimental View.
When attending meetings with peace and justice activists, I often find myself the only business person in the room. Inevitably, someone makes a comment about the evils of business, or greedy capitalists, or some other negative comment that implies business people are the enemy.
I couldn’t agree more about the harm done by profit-driven multinational corporations, but what about businesspeople like me who are working to build a new economy, one that is more just and sustainable?
Because they view all business in a negative light, many activists don’t seem to think it matters where they spend their money. This experience showed me the wide gap that exists between the peace and justice movement and the local economy movement. Just think how much more powerful we would be in changing the world for the better if we worked together to build a peace economy.
These points follow:
> Our Economic Choices Have Consequences
> Protecting Corporate Interests
> Another Economy Is Possible
> The Localism Movement
> The Role of Fair Trade
> Local Energy Security
> Local Food Security
> Local Water Security
> Sustainable Clothing
> Banking and Investing
> Reduce, Reuse, Recycle
> A Revolution of Values
> Adopting Gandhi’s Strategy
> Where do we begin?